Distinctive functions and advantages of SVG solution

Distinctive functions and advantages of SVG solution

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Power quality
SVG is one of the core devices and core technologies of the flexible AC transmission system (FACTS). It is used to perform reactive and harmonic compensation in the power system.
2018/08/02 17:41
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Distinctive functions and advantages of SVG solution


SVG is one of the core devices and core technologies of the flexible AC transmission system (FACTS). It is used to perform reactive and harmonic compensation in the power system. SVG is connected in parallel to the power grid, which is equivalent to a variable reactive current source. Its reactive current can quickly change with load reactive power and harmonic current, and automatically compensate the reactive and harmonic currents required by the system. The main functions of INPSVG are as follows:   l  Improve line transmission stability  l  Maintain the receiving end voltage, enhance system voltage stability l  Compensate reactive power of the system, improve power factor l  Harmonic dynamic compensation, improve power quality l  Suppress voltage flicker and fluctuation l  Suppress three-phase imbalance   Instead of using large-capacity capacitors and inductors, INPSVG uses high-frequency switch of high-power electronic devices to achieve conversion of reactive power. Compared with conventional compensation solutions, it has the following advantages: l  Faster response time l  More effective suppression of voltage flicker l  Wide operating range, large compensation capacity l  Flexible compensation methods, including reactive power compensation, voltage compensation, negative sequence compensation, harmonic compensation and comprehensive compensation l  No harmonics occur when providing reactive power l  Output harmonics lower than 13th harmonic when compensating harmonics      


Typical usage occasion of SVG     Regional power grid There is a large amount of reactive load in the regional power grid, such as power lines, power transformers and users’ electrical equipment. A large amount of reactive load will reduce the transmission of active power and system power factor, increase line loss, and is not conducive to economic operation of the entire regional power grid. INP SVG can perform comprehensive reactive power compensation for regional power grids, stabilize grid voltage, reduce line losses and improve power quality.     Electric arc furnace (EAF) EAF is a kind of impact nonlinear load. It generates a large amount of harmonics and negative sequence currents during operation, which may cause great voltage fluctuations and flicker of the power grid, and the power factor is extremely low. INP SVG can quickly detect the reactive and negative sequence current of the EAF and compensate within 5ms to suppress voltage flicker and stabilize busbar voltage. High-voltage filtering device manufactured by IN-POWER can effectively eliminate higher harmonics of the system and provide fundamental reactive power, and improve the power factor.       Subway The power factor of subway in the daytime is about 0.9, while only about 0.3 at night. The daily average power factor is about 0.78, and reactive power fluctuates greatly. Due to charging effect of the cable, the subway system is in a reactive power releasing state at night, which causes the busbar voltage to rise and jeopardizes the stability of electrical equipment and system. INP SVG can quickly and accurately perform reactive compensation on power system of the subway, which stabilizes the busbar voltage and improves the power factor, thus solving the reactive power releasing problem.     Electrified railway Electrified railway belongs to single-phase load with frequent fluctuations, which causes severe imbalance and also reactive power compensation and harmonic problems to the traction substation. The deterioration of power quality also jeopardizes safe operation of the locomotive. INP SVG can dynamically adjust the reactive power of the power supply system, improve the power factor and solve the imbalance problem. Besides, the filtering device can effectively filter out the higher harmonics and solve the reactive and harmonic problems.       Wind power station and solar power station With the widespread use of wind power technology, the proportion of installed wind power generating capacity in the power grid increases, and its effect on the power grid also increases. Due to randomness of wind power generation, the active and reactive power of the power system will all be impacted and lead to voltage fluctuations. In addition, low voltage fault of the power system will affect gird connection of the wind power station and affect safe operation of the wind turbine. Therefore, the national standard clearly stipulates that wind power stations must be equipped with reactive voltage regulation system. In case of low voltage fault, INP SVG can dynamically adjust the reactive power level, stabilize the busbar voltage, reduce the reactive output of the fan, thus improving stability of the regional power grid.     Port The load of port features great change, rapid speed change and short-time heavy load, and belongs to reactive power impact load. The commonly used thyristor AC and DC drive devices may generate a large amount of harmonics. Port enterprises are important loads and the quality of power supply for the port must be guaranteed. INP SVG can quickly track load changes of the port, respond to load reactive changes in time, and ensure power factor of the power supply system. At the same time, high-voltage filtering device manufactured by IN-POWER can effectively eliminate higher harmonics of the system and provide fundamental reactive power, and improve the power factor.



Problems caused by reactive power and harmonics   Reactive power problem The existence of resistive and inductive loads in power systems, such as asynchronous motors, transformers, fluorescent lamps, etc., consumes a large amount of reactive power, while large-capacity impact reactive load can cause rapid fluctuations in system voltage. Power electronic converter devices, especially popularization of various phase-controlled rectifiers, also consume a large amount of reactive power. This leads to various problems such as deterioration of power quality, increase in transmission loss, three-phase imbalance, and reduction of effective utilization of power transmission and transformation equipment.   Conventional reactive power compensation device generally adopts contactor or thyristor switching control, which features slow response speed, fixed switching compensation capacity, large floor space and complex maintenance. The new dynamic var generator can overcome these shortcomings, effectively stabilize the voltage of the power grid, improve the power quality and reduce the reactive power loss.   Harmonic problem The widespread application of non-linear loads such as rectifiers and converters in the system will generate a large amount of harmonic currents into the grid, causing grid voltage distortion. Harmonics will not only cause eddy current losses in power equipment and lines and increase line losses, but also will induce system resonance, resulting in harmonic overvoltage and equipment damage. Large amount of harmonics can also cause failure of relay protection and automatic control systems, affecting normal production activities.   Conventional filters mostly use capacitor and series reactors to form low impedance characteristic at characteristic frequency, to absorb harmonic currents. Due to the passive absorption method, the equipment is susceptible to system impedance, which may cause system resonance, overload and other hazards; the floor space is large, and the electromagnetic components have interference to the environment. On the contrary, SVG adopts active output mode, which is not affected by system impedance, has no danger of overload, and has small floor space. It can effectively offset harmonic currents in the power grid, improve power quality and reduce harmonic losses.  


Operating principle of SVG The principle of INPSVG (Static Var Generator) is to connect the VSC (Voltage Sourced Converter) to the grid in parallel via reactor or transformer, and adjust the output voltage magnitude of the AC side of the inverter, so as to change the reactive current magnitude of the input system, quickly absorb or emit reactive power, thus realizing rapid regulation of reactive power.    


Technical features of SVG  


Angular topology    


Star topology    


Product features l  Full digital control system, fast response speed. The step response speed is less than 5ms; l  Intelligent fuzzy control strategy, optimized control algorithm, improved compensation accuracy, and power factor can be controlled to 1; l  Low power design, equipment loss is less than 3% at full load; l  Modular design, convenient maintenance of equipment, power module replacement time is less than 5 minutes on average; l  Flexible compensation method, equipped with multiple compensation functions and automatic optimization function; l  The complete machine is fully loaded and aging for 24 hours before delivery.  
Input Control
  Grid voltage Single-phase / three-phase, 50Hz/60Hz   Control mode Instantaneous current detection technology, PWM current tracking control technology, decoupling control technology, DC side voltage balance control technology
  Allowable operating voltage <120% busbar voltage   Control chip Digital signal processor (DSP) field programmable gate array FPGA
Compensation performance Auxiliary function Full digital microcomputer control, real-time communication, self-diagnosis function
Power factor >0.95 (within the compensation capacity range) Control function   Voltage compensation, reactive power compensation, harmonic compensation, negative sequence compensation, comprehensive compensation
Harmonic Meet the requirements of Quality of electric energy supplyHarmonics in public supply network GB/T14549-93 Control power supply Main 380VAC Auxiliary 220VDC
System response 5ms Communication Modbus/Profibus
Reliability and service life The design service life is 20 years, mean time between failures MTBF>75000 hours,  mean time to repair MTTR<5 minutes Industrial control machine display Grid current, grid voltage, load current, SVG current, active power, reactive power, voltage and current THD, power Factor, etc.
Others Environment
  Protection function System protection: overvoltage, undervoltage, overcurrent, short circuit, loss of synchronization, phase loss, negative sequence fault, communication fault, etc. Unit protection: overvoltage, undervoltage, overheat, short circuit, overcurrent, fiber fault, etc.   Operation place   Indoor, no explosive or corrosive gases
System structure Integrated design, modular design, transportation as whole, ready-to-use Ambient temperature 10-40
High voltage isolation Optical fiber signal transmission Ambient humidity 90%, no condensation
Power semiconductor IGBT Altitude Below 1000 meters (customized if above 1000 meters)
Cooling method Air/water cooling Storage/transport temperature 40-70
Protection level IP20 (customized if any special requirement)    




Product model   Dimension and structure 6kV series (note: specific dimension shall subject to the technical protocol)
Model SVGs capacity (kvar) SVGs rated output current(A) Cooling method Dimension of SVG device (height 2.5m)
width (m) depth (m)
INPSVG-6/5000-TA 5000 481 Air cooling 6.5 1.6
INPSVG-6/10000-TW 10000 962 Water cooling 10 1.6
INPSVG-6/15000-TW 15000 1443 Water cooling 13 1.6
10kV series (note: specific dimension shall subject to the technical protocol)
  Model SVG(kvar) SVGs capacity (kvar) SVGA SVGs rated output current (A)   Cooling method SVG2.5m Dimension of SVG device (height 2.5m)
m width (m) m depth (m)
INPSVG-10/5000-TA 5000 288   Air cooling 8.5 1.6
INPSVG-10/10000-TA 10000 577   Air cooling 11.8 1.6
INPSVG-10/15000-TW 15000 866   Water cooling 15 1.6
INPSVG-10/20000-TW 20000 1154   Water cooling 18 1.6
27.5kV series (note: specific dimension shall subject to the technical protocol)
Model SVGs capacity (kvar) SVGs rated output current (A) Cooling method Dimension of SVG device (height 2.5m)
width (m) depth (m)
INPSVG-27.5/5000-SA 5000 182 Air cooling 3.2 1.6
INPSVG-27.5/10000-SA 10000 364 Air cooling 4.8 1.6
  35kV series (note: specific dimension shall subject to the technical protocol)
Model SVGs capacity (kvar) SVGs rated output current (A) Cooling method Dimension of SVG device (height 2.5m)
width (m) depth (m)
INPSVG-35/5000-TA 5000 82 Air cooling 8.2 1.6
INPSVG-35/10000-TA 10000 165 Air cooling 12.4 1.6
INPSVG-35/15000-TA 15000 247 Air cooling 15.2 1.6
INPSVG-35/20000-TA 20000 330 Air cooling 18.6 1.6
Note: the device dimension does not take the boosting transformer into consideration.